By Derek Chadee, Dionne Brewster, Sarah Lisa Subhan, Diahann Palmer, Ashlee De Gannes, Donna Knott, Joni Lee Pow and Jannel Philip
The literature on male homosexuality in the Caribbean has been limited. Even more limited in the Caribbean is published social psychological research in this area. This study attempts to address this gap. Informed by the elaboration likelihood model, male university participants (n=200) were assigned to one of four conditions in a four group experimental design – a baseline condition or one of three persuasive conditions: reading only condition, read and summarise condition and self-generation condition Attitudes towards homosexuality were measured using the Kite and LaMar (1998) scale. The results indicated that there was significant positive change in attitudes for participants in the summarising condition. The results are discussed in the context of the elaboration likelihood model.
Key words: social psychology, attitudes, homosexuality, persuasion.
By Jeetendra Khadan and Roger Hosein
This paper proposes a modified gravity model based on the natural trading partner theory to assess the role of trade complementarity on CARICOM’s international trade. The findings show that intra-CARICOM trade is increasing (marginally) in an environment characterised by rising trade structure complementarities (albeit low) while extra-CARICOM trade is increasing with declining trade structure complementarities. In particular, extra-CARICOM trade is strongly influenced by trade preferences in the European Union (EU), Canada and the United States of America (USA). This raises an important concern for policy makers as the region has started to negotiate Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with their former preference donors.
Key words: trade complementarity, modified gravity model, panel data, preferential trade agreements.
By Roland Craigwell and Donna Kaidou-Jeffrey
This paper uses a regime-switching model to assess total and sectoral commercial bank lending in environments of credit rationing and non-credit rationing in Barbados. The results indicate that in a credit rationed regime banks reduce lending. The periods of credit rationing that were determined coincide with both domestic and global recessions, highlighting that during periods of uncertainty banks in Barbados appear to be risk averse and exercise caution in their lending behaviour. All the economic sectors are affected by the state of rationing except entertainment and catering, statutory bodies and professional services.
Key words: Regime-switching model, credit rationing, non-credit rationed regimes versus credit rationed regimes.
By Donald Roberts
The span of Rex Nettleford’s contribution to academic and social life is connected by a common philosophical creed that personifies the ordinary man and recognises the significance of labour in the development of a society and the shaping of its normative social, economic, political and cultural values. This, in a real sense, delineates a kind of ‘Nettlefordian doctrine’ which explains the umbilical link between trade unionism and the nationalist movement in Jamaica and indeed the Caribbean in earlier years. With the advent of globalisation and its impact on the labour market, the essay attempts to resurrect Nettleford’s central theme to an understanding of the urgent need for trade union reinvention, rooted in the strategic importance of the centrality of the labouring class, and the preservation of its cultural sensibilities.
Key words: trade unions, labour, culture, pluralism, industrial relations.