Deconstructing the Barbados Agricultural Policy Process, Convergence and Divergence between Government and Small Farmers
By Ronnie E. Brathwaite and Yonggong Liu
Agricultural policy is a government-driven institutional instrument used for promoting agricultural development by regulating the behaviour and interest interfaces between different stakeholders. Barbadian agricultural policy sets the stage on which agricultural stakeholders perform, and small farmers by far represent the largest group of agricultural stakeholders in Barbados. Good policymaking includes a scientific basis for action, and sustainable policy solutions with the involvement of stakeholders. Examination of the agricultural policy process in Barbados bears out some of these features but insufficient use of empirical data or stakeholder inclusion at times resulted in policies that were out of sync with farmers’ needs.
Key words: Barbados, policymaking, agriculture, stakeholder participation, small farmers.
By Winsome Chunnu-Brayda
This study was conducted in two Jamaican parishes: Kingston and St. Thomas. Designed as a case study, the research explores top-down and bottom-up implementation approaches, as well as political model theory. What efforts make programs succeed, and what problems make them fail? The study concludes by highlighting five major findings and suggestions for policy implementation.
Key words: Policy Evaluation; Jamaican Education; Policy Analysis; Political Model; Implementation Framework; Policy Diffusion; Politics.
By Kari H. Grenade
The purpose of this study is to determine the binding constraints on economic growth in Grenada and the attendant policy priorities. Using the Growth Diagnostics Methodology, the study finds that poor quality of human capital, high cost of business operations, weak regulatory and institutional support for business activity, and low self discovery are the most binding constraints on economic growth in Grenada. By identifying the binding constraints on economic growth and proposing targeted corrective policies, this study has the potential to influence and improve public policy to boost and sustain growth.
Key words: Growth diagnostics, Grenada, binding constraints.
JEL Codes: O54.